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IPC Standard For Printed Circuit PCB Board

Quality standards are very important when manufacturing electronic printed circuit boards. PCBs are usually mass-produced, so any failure that prevents a PCB from operating effectively can affect dozens or even hundreds of PCBs. At the same time, when you make any type of purchase, you want to get a certain level of quality. Adherence to the standards of the IPC Industry Association can help.

What is the IPC standard?

The organization was founded in 1957 as a printed circuit research institute. Later, due to the expansion of bare board packaging and electronic components, it was renamed the Institute of Interconnect and Packaging Electronic Circuits. In 1999, it adopted the name IPC with the slogan Association Connecting Electronics Industries.

IPC is headquartered in Bannockburn, Ill., with offices in the US and around the world, including India, China, Sweden and Russia.

The American National Standards Institute has named IPC as a standards development organization. What is the IPC standard? They are the most widely accepted acceptability codes in the electronics industry. The organization publishes standards for each phase of the electronic product development cycle, including design, procurement, assembly, packaging, and more. IPC currently has more than 300 active standards and more than 1,000 standards in its repository, including but not limited to the following industries:

Military and aerospace
Industrial equipment
Medical equipment and equipment

Therefore, the IPC standard is the industry adoption standard for almost all PCB manufacturing steps, starting with design, production, and finally electronics assembly. In addition, the organization conducts market research and works on government relations and environmental policies. IPC advocates the electronics industry and works with regulatory agencies around the world.

Why is the IPC standard important?

Producing safe, reliable, high-performance PCB products requires constant attention to detail and commitment to quality throughout the entire production process. Compliance with IPC standards throughout the process can help the company achieve this goal.

Compliance with IPC standards can help companies improve their processes and products in a variety of ways.

Here are four main advantages.

* Improve product quality and reliability

Compliance with IPC standards throughout the manufacturing process can help companies improve the quality and reliability of their products. Creating better performance and longer life products will help improve the company's competitiveness and profitability and increase customer satisfaction.

IPC standards can help improve processes and increase product consistency. The use of IPC standards when inspecting PCBs and other products ensures consistent quality.

* Improve communication

Compliance with IPC standards helps improve internal and external communication, ensuring that everyone uses the same terminology and achieves expectations. Internally, employees in the same language can collaborate and make the necessary changes to make improvements easier. IPC standards also improve communication with customers, supplier suppliers, regulators and others. Using the same terminology can prevent miscommunication that can lead to production delays and inconsistencies, and can lead to dissatisfied customers.

* Cut costs

Improvements brought about by the use of IPC standards help to reduce costs. Improving quality and reducing miscommunication can reduce the likelihood of delays and rework. IPC standards also enable companies to minimize resource usage and increase efficiency.

* Improve reputation and new opportunities

Adhere to internationally recognized standards such as IPC, so that the company immediately gains credibility. Even if someone knows nothing about your business, they can be assured of your commitment to quality when they see you comply with IPC standards. IPC standards will improve product quality and enhance your reputation. Ultimately, following these standards will help attract customers and open new doors to make you more competitive.

There are various categories of IPC standards.

The IPC-6012 and IPC-A-600 are the two main guidance documents, also known as performance and inspection files. IPC-6012 is the specification, and IPC-A-600 is a visual representation of the IPC-6012 file. They all work together.

IPC-6012: Qualification and Performance Specifications for Rigid Printed Circuit Boards

IPC-6012 is a specification that specifies and defines the qualifications and performance requirements for rigid printed circuit board manufacturing. These requirements apply to single-sided, multi-layer boards, active/passive embedded boards, HDI and metal core printed boards.

IPC-A-600: Acceptability of printed circuit boards

IPC-A-600 (also known as IPC-600) sets the acceptance criteria for each type of product. This document describes the external or internal observable targets on the printed circuit board, acceptable and unacceptable. It represents an intuitive interpretation of the minimum requirements specified in various printed circuit board specifications, such as the IPC-6010 series.

Some of the elements covered by IPC-A-610 include but are not limited to:

heat sink
Terminal connection
Component mounting
Chip component
Lamination conditions
Some of the basic principles of the IPC-A-610 course are:

Level 1
This applies to general-purpose electronics, the main requirement being to complete the functionality of the components. Therefore, when it comes to allowing for potential defects, this is considered one of the most lenient categories and is therefore not required by the OEM.

level 2
This is a very common standard for non-critical components, where long-term reliability is a prerequisite, although this class also allows for a certain degree of imperfection.

Level 3
This is the highest standard for more critical PCB components. Therefore, excellent CEM suppliers will produce products according to the 3rd level standard. This does require higher costs because additional inspections are required and surface mount machines need to be slowed down to ensure the required placement accuracy. Instead, it may sometimes be necessary to allow a higher level of waste.